High doses of vitamin C lower indinavir levels
Taking high doses of vitamin C reduces indinavir concentrations in the blood, according to research conducted amongst HIV-negative volunteers and presented as a poster to the 43rd Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy in Chicago on 17th September.
It has been suggested that large doses of vitamin C (one gramme or more a day) could have an effect on the P-450 enzymes, particularly CYP3A, which play a key role in the metabolising of protease inhibitors. As vitamin C is a widely used nutritional supplement by patients taking HAART, this could have implications for the success of their therapy. Other nutritional and herbal supplements, most notably St Johnís wort and large doses of garlic have been shown to reduce concentrations of several anti-HIV drugs.
Seven healthy volunteers took 800mg of indinavir every eight hours, receiving a total of four doses in a day. Blood samples were obtained pre-dose, and at the following intervals after receiving indinavir: thirty minutes, one hour, and then at hours two, three, four and five hours after the fifth dose.
After a wash out period the procedure was repeated for seven days, except that all the volunteers received a daily one gramme dose of vitamin C concluding on the day that blood was collected for indinavir concentrations. Diet was controlled for the duration of the study to ensure that there were no nutrition-related confounding factors.
It was found that vitamin C caused a fall of 20% in maximum indinavir concentrations (p=0.04) and a 14% reduction in steady-state eight hour concentrations (p<0.05). The minimum concentrations of indinavir were also 32% lower if vitamin C was taken, but this reduction was not statistically significant (p=0.09).
On the basis of these data, the investigators conclude that vitamin C can cause a reduction in indinavir concentrations and recommend that doctors caution patients about the dangers of taking vitamin C and indinavir together.
Slain D et al. Effect of high-dose vitamin C on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of the protease inhibitor indinavir in healthy volunteers. 43rd ICAAC, abstract A-1610, Chicago, September 14 Ė 17th, 2003.
|The statements which appear on have not been evaluated as medical cures. The information on this web site is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Although every effort has been made to ensure that information is accurate, please note that some information may be outdated by more recent scientific developments. The information presented is meant for Nutritional Benefit and as an educational starting point only, not as a substitute for personal consultation with a qualified healthcare professional.|
|Site Developed By Cultrix.
Copyright © 2000 - 2013 . All Rights Reserved.