YELLOW DOCK (Rumex crispus - Common Names
The Docks are members of the buckwheat family, native to Europe, except the blunt-leaved, which is indigenous. However, they have all been introduced into the United States. There are four varieties of Dock which may be used in medicine: the Rumex of aquaticus (Great water dock), Rumex britannica (Water dock), Rumex abtusifolius (Blunt-leaved dock), and the Rumex crispus (Yellow dock). They all possess similar medicinal qualities, but the Yellow dock is the only one entitled to extensive consideration. The yellowish spindle-shaped has scarcely any odor, but has astringent, bitter taste.
It grows 2-3 ft. high with slender, crisped-edged leaves, which are lanceolate, acute and of a light-green color; the leaves and stalk have a sour taste. The flowers are numerous, pale green, drooping and interspersed with Ieaves below; can be seen in June and July.
Yellow Dock is a powerful blood purifier and astringent. It is used in treating all diseases of the blood and skin. It is very high in iron, making it useful for treating anemia. It nourishes the spleen and liver, detoxifies the liver, and cleanses and enriches the blood.
Alterative, Astringent, Laxative, Antiscorbutic.
Uses: Yellow dock
A favorite herb of the ancient Indians, old time doctors, early settlers and herbal practitioners. For some conditions it has no equal, especially if compounded with other supporting herbs. The rich and easily digested plant iron is one of the main contents of Yellow, so essential for man, animal and plant life. This common herb has valuable ingredients for conditions of the blood and glandular system and is indicated in scrofula, eruptive diseases, especially when discharges are experienced, as in running of the ears, ulcerated eyelids and skin conditions, itch, scurvy, etc.
When accumulation of waste matters progress to swelling or tumors, Yellow dock is of service both internally and externally. Herbalists use the mineral-rich plant for cancer, leprosy, bleeding of the lungs and bowels and for rheumatic conditions. It also has much merit in dyspepsia, chronic bronchitis, ulcers and conditions affected by the spleen and Iymphatic glands; also for female weakness when due to iron deficiency.
Therapeutics and pharmacology : Rumex crispus is used extensively in the treatment of chronic skin complaints, especially psoriasis associated with constipation; and obstructive jaundice. The anthraquinones have a cathartic action on the bowel, but act in quite a mild way, possibly tempered by the tannin content. It promotes the flow of bile, and itsaction on the gallbladder gives it a role in the treatment of jaundice when this is due to congestion. The plant's high iron content makes it valuable for correcting anaemia. A compress can be used to help soothe itchy skin. The ointment is valuable for itching, sores, swellings and scabby eruptions.
1 teaspoonful of the grated or crushed root to I cupful of boiling water; drink 3-4 cupfuls daily. A syrup may be made by boiling lb. Of the crushed root in 1 pint of syrup; taken in teaspoonful doses three or 4 times a day.
Ulcers, hard tumors, eruptive skin diseases, etc., have been removed by the application of the bruised root in poultice form. An ointment made with the root simmered in oil (coconut oil will harden when cold and can be used for rectal suppositories) is also used for above external care.
Caution: Large doses should be avoided due to the oxalate content.
Use the roots and fruit as astringent to check bleeding of the lungs, female problems, hemorrhoids, bleeding diarrhea, also for tubercular lungs and skin conditions. In Bello-Russia they use a decoction of the flowers for diarrhea, dysentery, kidney and bladder, stomach sickness and a decoction of the root for pain after heavy lifting.
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