Sexual problems - Yeast Infection
What is a yeast infection
Yeast vaginitis is an infection of the vagina which may spread to the surrounding skin. The infection is due to a yeast called Candida. This yeast was once called Monilia a fungus similar to baker's and brewer's yeast.
How is a yeast infection spread
The yeast, Candida, lives in warm, moist parts of almost everyone's body. Usually it causes no problems at all. Infection occurs when the environment in which the yeast lives changes. The changes may occur when a person takes antibiotics and the normal bacteria in the vagina are killed. Antibiotics do not kill yeasts, which may overgrow because they are no longer competing with the bacteria. people with diabetes may develop yeast infection of the vagina, moist area of the skin, or the mouth because of increased levels of sugar in their secretions. people being treated with steroids like prednisone or cortisone or who have decreased immunity from other causes may also get yeast infections. pregnancy and birth control pills may cause normal changes in the vagina leading to infection. poor hygiene and tight or damp clothing may also cause changes leading to yeast infection. Sexual activity may transfer yeasts and lead to infection if conditions are right. The yeasts are present in many healthy people and do not cause infection unless conditions make a person more likely to have a yeast infection.
What are the symptoms of yeast infections
Severe itching, sometimes to the extent of pain and burning, are typical. pain with sexual intercourse is also common. A discharge (drip) is commonly present but not always. It is often thick with a cottage cheese appearance but may be creamy. The skin around the vagina and vulva can be red, raised and itchy.
What complications can result from yeast infections
people with yeast infection can have a local allergic reaction leading to more inflammation. Sexual intercourse can be painful. Bacterial infections can occur in damaged tissue. Newborns may be infected during birth and yeast infection may flare up during pregnancy.
Does past infection with yeast make a person immune
No. A person can get a yeast infection more than once.
What is the treatment for a yeast infection
Creams and suppositories place in the vagina and on any affected skin. Sometimes pills must be taken by mouth to get rid of yeast, which may be living in the mouth or bowel. proper treatment of diabetes and other medical conditions is important. Avoidance of tight clothes and moist conditions helps.
What can a person to to prevent the spread of yeast
If you think you have an infection, avoid sexual contact and visit your doctor or an STD clinic. The most important way to prevent spread is to get treated.
What can be done to prevent the spread of STDs
- Abstinence is the only sure way to avoid STDs.
- The kinds of sex that do not include vaginal, anal or oral intercourse are also "safer sex" and less likely to spread STDs.
- Try to limit your exposure to STDs. Unprotected sexual activity increases your chance of exposure and infection. If you have more than one partner or your partner has other sexual partners this increases your chances of getting an STD.
- Use barrier protection, like a condom.
- Look at your partner before having sex. If you see any sign of an infection such as rashes, sores, discharge or swelling, stop and talk about the importance of checking for an STD before having sex.
- If you think you are infected, avoid any sexual contact and visit a local sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic, hospital or your own doctor. If possible, bring your sex partner(s) with you so that they can be treated if necessary.