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Sexual problems - Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis

What is trichomoniasis

Trich is a common, sexually transmitted infection of the vagina. The infection may or may not produce symptoms. Trich is caused by a parasite called trichomonas vaginalis that lives in moist dark parts of the body.

Who gets trichomoniasis

Any sexually active person can be infected with Trich. It is more commonly seen in females.

How is trich spread

Trich is predominantly spread through sexual contact with an infected person. It is rarely spread by non-sexual contact and from contact with personal items and surfaces such as toilet seats.

What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis

The most characteristic symptoms of Trich is the discharge. It is abundant and frothy, ranging in color from gray to green - yellow, the consistency of which may range from watery to milky. Other symptoms may be itching, tenderness, chafing and burning. Burning on urination may occur.

How soon do symptoms appear

Symptoms usually appear two to three days on women and about twenty-four hours after contact in men.

When and for how long is a person able to spread trich

A person can spread Trich from the time they are infected until they are cured.

What complications can result from trichomoniasis

Compared with other sexually transmitted diseases no late complications of Trich are known. Trich seems to have little, if any, effect on pregnancy.

Does past infection with trichomoniasis make a person immune

No. Reinfection can readily occur after exposure to an infected person.

What is the treatment for trichomoniasis

All infected people along with their sexual partners are treated with a medication given by mouth.

What can be done to prevent the spread of STDs

  • Abstinence is the only sure way to avoid STDs.
  • The kinds of sex that do not include vaginal, anal or oral intercourse are also "safer sex" and less likely to spread STDs.
  • Try to limit your exposure to STDs. Unprotected sexual activity increases your chance of exposure and infection. If you have more than one partner or your partner has other sexual partners this increases your chances of getting an STD.
  • Use barrier protection, like a condom.
  • Look at your partner before having sex. If you see any sign of an infection such as rashes, sores, discharge or swelling, stop and talk about the importance of checking for an STD before having sex.
  • If you think you are infected, avoid any sexual contact and visit a local sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic, hospital or your own doctor. If possible, bring your sex partner(s) with you so that they can be treated if necessary.
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